Consumer Food Prices in the Czech Republic in the European and Global Context

  • Luboš Smutka Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
  • Michal Steininger Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
  • Eva Rosochatecká Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
Keywords: Foodstuff, Consumer, Retail market, Price, Price difference, Index, Trend, Czech Republic, European Union, Word, Development, Influence, Elasticity

Abstract

The article deals with the development of consumer prices in the Czech Republic in the context of food prices in the European Union and the World market. This article aims to identify consumer prices development in the market in the Czech Republic in relation to the development of consumer prices in the world market and the EU market. The paper is also analyzing the development of consumer prices in relation to individual commodities and products sold in Czech retail companies. The position of the most significant retail chains in Czech market is highlighted and price differences among individual retail chains are identified. In relation to the results it can be said: Prices on the Czech market very strongly correlate especially in relation to the EU market, a little bit lower (but still significant) correlation is existing in relation to the World market. Czech consumer price sensitivity is very strong - very flexible to changes in the price level on the market of the EU (cc more than 1%) and vice versa inelastic (cc 0,3%) with respect to changes in the price level on the World market. CR follows the general development price trends which exist in the EU market.  In relation to particular commodity segments in CR we can say that food prices increased fastest in case of fruit and vegetables, oils and fats, dairy products, fish and seafood, poultry, beef and cereals and bakery products. In the Czech Republic there is no uniform price level between regions. On the one hand Czech retail market is very concentrated - a relatively small number of players control the character of the market - but compared to the European average we can say that the market is highly competitive (the result of this development is the fact that already several retail companies left the Czech market during the last several years), because none of the subjects clearly dominates on the market. Individual retail chains in their pricing policies more or less follow the same general price trends and tendencies which are similar to the price development of the domestic market and especially the EU market.
Published
2014-12-05
Section
Articles